The last Indian Agent was removed from his post in 1969 as the program was phased out.
Following the end of the political restrictions imposed by the agent since the 1880s, bands could now freely elect their chiefs, and in theory, could administer more of their own services like education, housing, water treatment, etc. This also meant that those under jurisdiction of Indian agents would no longer be subject to maltreatment, bias, and surveillance by an Indian Agent. However, this did not mean that First Nations and bands were free from government control or scrutiny, or given full self-governance.
Rural or Urban