Section 80 of the 1880 Indian Act forbade First Nations from trading or bartering the presents that they were granted as part of treaties. This 1880 amendment also called for a repealing of section 20 of the Indian Act, which was then replaced with a new section regarding the devising of property by will upon the death. The amended section stated in 20.2 that in order for a widow to receive up to one third of her husband's land, she must be of good moral character, living with her husband at the time of death. The amended section also stated in 20.7 the Superintendent General of the Department of Indian Affairs "shall have power to decide all questions which may arise respecting the distribution, among those entitled, of the land and goods and chattels of a deceased Indian, and also to do whatever he may, under the circumstances, think will best give each claimant his or her share, according to the true meaning and spirit of the Act."
Andrews, Isabel. “The Crooked Lakes Reserves: A Study of Indian Policy in Practice from the Qu’Appelle Treaty to 1900.” Thesis, 1972.