In 1889 the Pelican Lake First Nations community agreed to the terms of Treaty 6. Treaty 6 provided signatories with reserves for farming, annual annuities, annual chief salaries, farming implements, education, hunting, fishing and trapping rights, and aid (most notably in times of famine or epidemic), in exchange for a cession of community land rights.
Generally, The interpretation of the treaty agreement and the Canadian government’s implementation of treaty clauses became contentious issues in the years and decades following the Treaty signing. The Pelican Lake band by 1901 was considered a part of the Big River First Nation. However, in the following years it they were recognized as distinct nations that each would share the control over a reserve land.