This article discusses the marginalization that happens when Native Studies is included within the department of Ethnic Studies. For Wheeler, this is not intentional in many circumstances but often over time results in the corrosion of a robust analytical “understanding of difference.” Wheeler asserts that this illustrates “contemporary intellectual neo-colonialism.” Wheeler notes the rise of the Third World Movement in the 1960’s linked international colonialism to internal colonialism that resulted in the establishment of departments and centers to assist in the study of racial and cultural minorities. This internal neo-colonialism has unique outcomes for Indigenous peoples, which is evident in socioeconomic hierarchical examples such as jails, unemployment and mortality rates.
Wheeler, Winona. "Ethnic’ Assimilates ‘Indigenous’: A Study in Intellectual Neo-Colonialism.” Wicazo Sa (Red Pencil) Review 13, 1 (1998): 43-74.