Home Farm Program

Farm instructors from Ontario were sent to western reserves to instruct on European farming skills to First Naitons people on agency farms. Fifteen sites were established in the Northwest, six in the Treaty 4 district, and nine in the Treaty 6 district. There were five farm instructors assigned to Treaty 4 and eight instructors assigned to Treaty 6. Additional ‘non-instructional’ farms were created to provide supplies for people working on agency farms. The program was officially retired in 1884. The Home Farm Program included providing rations to feed those who were working on the farms, an alternative iteration of the Work for Welfare Policy. Wadsworth considered six to nine pounds of flour to be the appropriate pay for a day's work on the farm. This program was widely considered to be a failure. The government recruited farm instructors who were poorly trained and ill-prepared for the requirements of the work. Overall, the scheme was incapable of dealing with the widespread famine that was affecting Indigenous people in the prairies.


Annual reports containing exact location of farming agencies -- year unknown SAB, Tarr and Peterson, "Little Pine/Lucky Man Band #116"

Other Note

See also Work for Welfare Policy

Rural or Urban
Start Date
End Date
Sub Event
Established in treaty areas 4 and 6