Events Leading to Treaty 10 Negotiations


After Treaty 8 was signed First Nations of the Ile à la Crosse region were placed between two treaty areas. In 1902, Bishop Pascal of Ile à la Crosse indicated to Indian Commissioner James McKenna that extinguishing the rest of the Aboriginal title in the area would be wise, thereby preventing 'unrest' for being treated differently by the Government.

This approach was an extension of the Department of Indian Affairs policy that had been established during the Macdonald era of leaving First Nations and Metis people alone unless an influx of settlers took place or the political status of a region changed. The government did this to reduce their financial and legal obligations to Indigenous peoples, and it demonstrates that the government did not consider the well-being of Indigenous people a priority - many were requesting treaty because they were in need of food and medical care, and also desired resources for education. Environmental and social changes due to the presence of colonizers dramatically changed the access to food and resources. Bison populations plummeted, being influenced by the Fur Trade and settlement in the Mid-West which not only interrupted migration patterns, but resulted in over-hunting and culls. Despite the need for assistance, treaty negotiations did not start until 1906.

NA, RG10, vol. 4009, file 241,209-I, McKenna to Sifton, 18 March 1803.

Sub Event
Treaty 8