Historical and Alternate Community Names
Reserve no. 070, Wahpeemakkwaw, Wapeemakkwa, Wapeemukwa, Wahpeemakwa, Wapeemakkwaw
Reserves, Settlements, and Villages
Treaty Four Reserve Grounds No. 77, White Bear Indian Reserve No. 70
White Bear is a Nêhiyaw (Cree), Dakota, Nakota, and Anishinaabe (Ojibwe, Saulteaux) First Nation located to the south-east of Regina, Saskatchewan. They are signatories to Treaty 4, which the group signed in 1875, but their reserves are located within the land designated to Treaty 2. As of 2022, White Bear has a registered population of 2,858. In 1901, Ocean Man First Nation and Pheasant Rump Nakota were amalgamated with White Bear, but the groups were reconstituted in 1988 and 1990 respectively.
- White Bear First Nations Website
- A Brief History of the White Bear Community
- A Brief Summary of Cree Cultural History in Western Canada
- A Brief Summary of Saulteaux Cultural History in Western Canada
- A Brief Summary of Nakota Cultural History in Western Canada
- A Brief Summary of Dakota Cultural History in Western Canada
- Cree Justice and Legal Traditions
- Residential School List
- Day School List
Support Services and Programs Available to Community Members
- Directory: FSIN Tribal Council/Independent Affiliation Community Justice Programs
- Works Consulted
Government of Canada; Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada; Communications Branch, “First Nation Profiles,” fact sheet; resource list, November 14, 2008, https://fnp-ppn.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/fnp/Main/Search/SearchFN.aspx?lang=eng.
“Indigenous Saskatchewan Encyclopedia | University of Saskatchewan,” accessed November 29, 2022, https://teaching.usask.ca/indigenoussk/index.php.
Library and Archives Canada, “Indexes of Western First Nations Bands: Languages, Agencies, Inspectorates, and Regional Offices,” August 18, 2022, https://library-archives.canada.ca/eng/collection/research-help/indigenous-heritage/pages/bands-western-canada.aspx.