Pihtikwahanapiwiyin (Poundmaker) was brought to Regina for the trial in July 1885. He declared himself innocent, claiming he had done everything to stop the violence. However, the court wrongfully sentenced him to three years in prison. He has since been exonerated by the Federal Government for the wrongful conviction, and has gone from being viewed in Canadian society as a "trouble-maker" in the North-West Resistance to the great leader and protector he was.
Poundmaker served a year in prison at Stony Mountain Penitentiary in Manitoba. With poor health and broken spirit, he died shortly thereafter, on 4 July, 1886. It was because of this period of incarceration that Poundmaker's life ended so abruptly.