Criminal Behaviour

Tyman chronicles his life beginning with his removal from abusive family at age of four in Isle la Crosse and his relocation and subsequent adoption by a white family in Fort Qu'Appelle. He spent his life in and out of the correctional system. Tyman died on the streets in 2001.

Freezing Deaths of Indigenous People in Saskatchewan

The freezing deaths of Indigenous men in Saskatchewan resulted from an unethical and illegal practice by the Saskatoon Police Service in which Indigenous men were picked up at night and dropped off outside of the city limits. This was often done in winter, and the men were left with inadequate clothing for the sub-zero temperatures. This practice came to light after one man, Darryl Night, survived being dropped off and filed a complaint. It was only after Darryl Night came forward that the deaths of Neil Stonechild, Rodney Naistus, and Lawrence Wegner were deemed suspicious.

Creation of the North-West Mounted Police

The North-West Mounted Police was established in 1873 by the government of John A. MacDonald. The Cypress Hills massacre as well as the increasing number of conflicts on the U.S border due to alcohol smuggling are often cited as the main reasons the MacDonald government passed the bill creating the new military-style police force. However, most historians agree that the primary reason for establishing the force was to control First Nations and Métis populations, as the government sought to populate the West with settlers.

RCMP Sunchild Report Circulated to Indian Agents

In 1952, the ritual consumption of peyote related to the activities of the Native American Church was reported among members of the Cree band led by Louis Sunchild. Sunchild, an Alberta First Nation leader, was stopped at the Montana-Alberta border carrying peyote. RCMP took him into custody, and although he was released, the peyote was retained and the report and images of his peyote stash were circulated to Indian Agents across Western Canada.

Emergence and Prohibition of Alcohol as a Trade Commodity on the Plains

The fur trade during the 18th century was characterized by competition and conflicts for resources and trade routes. With an increasing number of traders from both the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) and the Montreal-based Northwest Company, as well as Indigenous groups partaking in the fur trade, the market quickly became saturated. The number of posts outweighed the local production of fur. In these circumstances, alcohol was used as an inducement to participate, as an item of exchange, and as an incentive towards competitive access.