Sixties Scoop

The Canadian constitution defined Indians as falling under federal jurisdiction whereas health and family services was provincial jurisdiction. This led to conflicts over who would provide services (and pay for those services) for Indigenous youth and families. The two levels of government resolved this (without consulting Indigenous people) by deciding that provinces would “care” for Indigenous youth in crisis by apprehending them and integrating them into non-Indigenous child and family service programs.

Sit-in at Auditorium cafe in North Battleford

Servers at the Auditorium were told to refuse service to any Indigenous individuals that entered into the cafe. Two Indigenous men and three women from the Mistawasis reserve preceded to have a sit-in and refused to leave without an explanation as to why they were refused service. Eventually one of the employees admitted that they were not allowed to serve Indigenous peoples at the restaurant under the direction of the owner. Under Saskatchewan's antidiscrimination laws, the Auditorium was convicted and fined twenty-five dollars; a modern-day equivalent of 218 dollars.

Murder of Allan Thomas

A party of nine white men from the surrounding communities invaded a camp where Allan Thomas was living. These men destroyed the campsite, collapsing two tents, and fought with the Salteaux living there. The following day, men from the area were arrested and charged with non-capital murder. Many of these men arrested were considered respectable men within their communities, as their occupations included farming and business.

Criminal Behaviour

Tyman chronicles his life beginning with his removal from abusive family at age of four in Isle la Crosse and his relocation and subsequent adoption by a white family in Fort Qu'Appelle. He spent his life in and out of the correctional system. Tyman died on the streets in 2001.

Impact of Lack of Access to Housing - Introductory Essay

The following essay provides a brief introduction to the problems caused by lack of access to housing and poor housing conditions, particularly as experienced by Indigenous people (please see "additional notes" below for bibliography): Introduction i. the case for the importance of housing The UN Declaration of Human Rights states that all people have the right to a standard of living that is conducive not only to good physical health, but good social and emotional health as well.

History of Racist and Gendered Perceptions of Indigenous Women

The following provides a brief historical overview of the construction of Indigenous women as morally inferior individuals on the basis of their race and gender (for a list of sources used, please consult bibliography in "additional notes"): Legitimizing the presence of the colonial state is an ongoing process, requiring the manufacturing, maintenance and transmogrification of narratives that reinforce hierarchies of race, gender and sexuality and that also reflect shifts in national and international socio-economic and political climates.

Racism in Health Care Services in La Ronge

In the primary source interview cited below in "relevant resources," interview participant Verna Richards, who resided in La Ronge in the 1950s and 1960s, notes that the doctor provided by the Indian Health Service was both racist and provided services without the benefit of contemporary medical technologies such as anaesthetic. This resulted in alienating the Indigenous residents of the community from the only doctor provided to them.

Sexual Exploitation and Trafficking of Indigenous Women and Girls

Academics, community activists and Indigenous survivors of sexual exploitation and trafficking document the proliferation of the coercion and deception of Indigenous women and girls as a means of forcing their participation in the sex work industry. As it relates to Saskatchewan, Saskatoon is considered a significant part of the transit corridor used within the Prairies for the trafficking of Indigenous women and girls.

Metis Community in Saskatoon - Nutana Area

In the interview cited below in "relevant resources", Metis woman Isabelle Betty Roy describes the Metis community within the Nutana area of Saskatoon. Regarding the high percentage of Metis people in the Nutana area, she says: " “What type of neighbors did you have around you? Were they close or...?” --- Betty: “Mostly Metis. They were, you know, some Metis settlers.” She notes that officials, assumedly from the city of Saskatoon, attempted to segregate Metis people into a particular area: "they tried to get them into one area, one general area, you know.