Coercion / Deception in Metis Enlistment for World War One

Primary source interviews indicate that Metis individuals were coerced or deceived in order to recruit enlistments for the First and Second World Wars. Metis man Pierre Vandale describes the process by which Metis men were lied to and plied with alcohol in order to better solicit recruits during the First World War. Metis woman Caroline Vandale believes that a lack of education contributed to her brother's vulnerability and/or susceptibility to use of deception in obtaining consent to enlist.

Indigenous Migration to City During and After World War II

At the end of the Second World War, and as use of the illegal government-imposed pass system ended, Indigenous people began to migrate to urban areas in increasing numbers, seeking employment and education opportunities. In the primary source listed under "Relevant Resources" (on this page),Dorothy Askwith notes that the number of Indigenous people in the city increased after World War II had broken out as a result of Indigenous enlistment.

Violence on Poundmaker Reserve After Rations Refused

A young man on the Poundmaker reserve assaulted a Farming Instructor after being refused rations. Because a Sun Dance (Dewdney also uses the term Thirst Dance) was also taking place on the reserve at the time, the young man was able to arouse significant sympathy for his complaint, and many band members rose up against Indian Affairs officials. The Police were dispatched to help quell the conflict.

Internal Division within Yellow Quill band

A conflict erupted among the Yellow Quill band at Portage La Prairie, resulting from an internal division within the band among those that followed Chief Yellow Quill, those that followed Short Bear (aka Young Chief), and those who wanted to create an independent band with a chief of their own choice. Alexander Morris was sent to mediate this dispute, and to provide bureaucratic consent for the division of the band. He was also present to listen to their concerns about the reserve land offered to them under Treaties 1 and 2.